The Bullenhuser Damm Memorial
is a memorial site of the Foundation of Hamburg Memorials and Learning Centres Commemorating the Victims of Nazi Crimes. It honours the memory of 20 Jewish children and at least 28 adults who were murdered by SS men in the basement of the building on 20 April 1945. Before they were murdered, the children were abused for pseudo-medical experiments at the Neuengamme Concentration Camp. The Memorial comprises an exhibition and a rose garden.
Guided tours bookable again
Against this backdrop, we have again been offering various types of group tours, amongst other things, since 7th June 2021. The relevant regulations are always observed. Outside events Supervised…read more
Discover memorials digitally!
Link to teaser film [Vimeo] The new online offerings complement the existing educational offerings of the Foundation of Hamburg Memorials and Learning Centres. Beyond pandemic-related restrictions on…read more
New rules for visiting the memorials of the Foundation as of October
When visiting the Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial, the Bullenhuser Damm Memorial and the Poppenbüttel Memorial, the following arrangements relating to limiting of contact and the keeping of…read more
Memorials in Hamburg are open again
The Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial is open for visitors again from 18 May 2021. The Bullenhuser Damm, Fuhlsbüttel and Poppenbüttel memorial sites as well as the info pavilion denk.mal…read more
Objects carry memories
As we are unfortunately unable to commemorate together with many guests from abroad this year due to the Coronavirus pandemic, we asked ourselves how we could nevertheless make this possible. We asked…read more
Events (in german)
- Sunday, October 31, 2021 10:00–17:00
#seeforfree - heute gilt das 2G Modell
Die Gedenkstätten der Stiftung Hamburger Gedenkstätten und Lernorte beteiligen sich an der Aktion #seeforfree. Bitte beachten Sie, dass heute für den Besuch aller Gedenkstätten das 2G-Modell gilt, das heißt, dass bei einem Besuch eine Covid-19-Impfung oder Genesung nachgewiesen werden muss.
- Monday, November 1, 2021 16:30–17:30
„Gedenkstätten digital entdecken“ – neue Online-Bildungsangebote
Die KZ-Gedenkstätte Neuengamme hat neue Angebote für die Online-Bildungsarbeit mit Jugend- und Erwachsenengruppen entwickelt. Diese ermöglichen eine pädagogisch begleitete und interaktive Vorbereitung auf einen Gedenkstättenbesuch wie auch rein digitale Erkundungen der Hamburger Gedenkstätten Neuengamme, Bullenhuser Damm, Fuhlsbüttel und Poppenbüttel. Im Rahmen dieser Online-Präsentation, die sich an Multiplikator*innen der Jugend- und Erwachsenenbildung aus Schulen, Hochschulen und weiteren Bildungseinrichtungen wendet, werden die neuen Angebote sowie verschiedene Tools, die wir dafür nutzen, vorgestellt. Zudem werden die Voraussetzungen für das Gelingen digitaler Bildungsarbeit wie auch damit verbundene Herausforderungen und Fallstricke thematisiert. Anmeldung bis 1. November, 12 Uhr:
- Sunday, November 7, 2021 14:00–16:00
Die Kinder vom Bullenhuser Damm
Öffentliche Führung durch die Gedenkstätte mit Dieter Schlichting.
- Friday, November 26, 2021–November 27, 2021
Online-Ideenworkshop zur Konzeptentwicklung einer digitalen Plattform für die Gedenkstätte Bullenhuser Damm
Tag 1: Freitag, 26. November 2021, 16-19 Uhr
Tag 2: Samstag, 27. November 2021, 10-17 Uhr
In einem zweitägigen Online-Workshop möchten wir programmatische, konzeptuelle Überlegungen und Zielsetzungen für die Ausgestaltung eines Produkts digitaler Gedenkstättenarbeit diskutieren und erarbeiten.
Am ersten Tag werden grundsätzliche Überlegungen und Ideen zu einem digitalen Produkt für die Gedenkstätte Bullenhuser Damm vorgestellt. Am zweiten Workshoptag schließen zwei Blöcke mit Diskussionsrunden an: Im ersten Block wird diskutiert, welche konzeptuellen und didaktischen Ziele bei einer „virtuellen Gedenkstätte“ verfolgt werden sollten. Sind audiovisuelle Medien mit AR- und VR-Anwendungen konzeptuell zielführend und welche kritischen Fragen müssen sich gestellt werden? Inwiefern haben digitale Formen der Gedenkstättenarbeit Potenziale, über den additiven Charakter hinauszugehen und nachhaltig eine Ausstellung vor Ort mitzugestalten? Im zweiten Block werden Ideen zu konkreten inhaltlichen und medialen Umsetzungsmöglichkeiten diskutiert. Als Ergebnis des Workshops steht idealerweise eine gemeinsam erarbeitete didaktisch-inhaltliche und technische Gesamtidee (oder Ideen) für die Entwicklung einer digitalen Plattform für die Gedenkstätte Bullenhuser Damm.
Ausführliche Informationen: Ideenworkshop
Kooperation mit der Vereinigung Kinder vom Bullenhuser Damm e.V., dem studentischen Projekt Geschichte im Virtuellen Raum (GiVR) der Universität Hamburg, dem Arbeitsbereich Geschichtsdidaktik der Fakultät für Erziehungswissenschaft der Universität Hamburg, dem Fachbereich Geschichte | Public History an der Universität Hamburg sowie der „Studierenden und Young Professionals in der AG Angewandte Geschichte / Public History im VHD“.
Anmeldung bis 19. November 2021: email@example.com
- Sunday, December 5, 2021 14:00–16:00
Die Kinder vom Bullenhuser Damm
Öffentliche Führung durch die Gedenkstätte mit Dieter Schlichting.
The SS physician
Dr Kurt Heißmeyer conducted tuberculosis experiments on prisoners in Neuengamme concentration camp. For this purpose, he had ten girls and ten boys brought to him from Auschwitz concentration camp in November 1944. They were between 5 and 12 years old. The children were cared for by two French prison doctors and two Dutch male prison nurses, who had been imprisoned as resistance fighters. Afterwards, to cover up the crime of this experiment, the SS decided to murder the children and their four caretakers. Just days before the end of the war, they were brought to the Bullenhuser Damm School, which was being used as a satellite camp at that time, in the war-ravaged district of Rothenburgsort. There, they were murdered in the basement of the school on the night of 20 April 1945. That same night, at least 24 Soviet concentration camp prisoners were also hanged in the basement.
Featured here are the stories of people
who were affected by the murders committed at Bullenhuser Damm. The identities of the murdered children, their background and the fate of their families remained unknown for a long time. This is still true to this day for four of the children and the Soviet prisoners. In the early post-war years, only the identities of the prisoners who had looked after the children were known, thanks to the accounts given by surviving prisoners who had worked with these carers in the infirmary.
Clicking a picture displays that person’s short biography.
In 1941 the Morgenstern family from France were forced to hand over their hair salon in Paris to a gentile. They later fled to Marseilles where they were arrested, taken to an internment camp for Jews in Drancy and then deported to Auschwitz on May 20, 1944. Jacqueline’s mother Suzanne Morgenstern was murdered there. On November 28, 1944 Jacqueline was taken to the Neuengamme concentration camp. She was 12 when she was killed in Bullenhuser Damm.
You can read more about Jacqueline Morgenstern in the Open Archives
After the German Wermacht occupied Poland in 1939, Ruchla’s father Nison Zylberberg fled to the Soviet Union with the intention of getting his family to join him later. However, after Germany attacked the Soviet Union in 1941, this was no longer possible. The Jewish girls Ruchla and her sister Ester were deported to Auschwitz with their mother Fajga. Ruchla’s mother and sister were murdered there and she was taken to Neuengamme on November 28, 1944. Ruchla was 8 when she was murdered in Bullenhuser Damm.
You can read more about Ruchla Zylberberg in the Open Archives.
Anton Hölzel was a member of the Communist Party and worked as a driver and a waiter in a café. On September 10, 1941 he was arrested by the German Security Police in The Hague for possession of a banned newspaper. He was deported to Neuengamme. On June 6, 1944 he was assigned to work at the Neuengamme infirmary and had to look after the 20 children. He was murdered in the night of April 20, 1945 together with the children.
You can read more about Anton Hölzel in the Open Archives.
Professor Gabriel Florence was arrested by the “Gestapo” shortly after he had joined Comité Médical de la Résistance, an organization of doctors in the resistance, in late 1943. He was fist taken to the Montluc prison close to Lyon and on June 7, 1944 transferred to the Neuengamme concentration camp, where he was assigned to the infirmary. He tried to kill off the tuberculosis bacteria by boiling the suspension before children were injected with it. He was murdered in the night of April 20, 1945 together with the 20 children in Bullenhuser Damm.
You can read more about Gabriel Florence in the Open Archives.
“The last time I saw my children was in November 1944 in Auschwitz. I was separated from them and taken to the women’s camp [...]”
After her liberation, Rucza Witońska, Roman and Eleonore’s mother, looked for her children in Radom, Auschwitz and other places. In 1946 she found out that the SS transferred 20 Jewish children from Auschwitz to Neuengamme. It was not before 1981 that she learned what exactly happened to her children in Hamburg. Roman was 6 and Eleonore 5 years old when they were murdered in Bullenhuser Damm on April 20, 1945.
“There are traces of our existence. And that is very important. If there were no names, it would be forgotten… just like that.”
You can read more about the Witoński siblings in the Open Archives.
In the night of April 20, between 24 and 30 Soviet prisoners were murderer in Bullenhuser Damm. Six of them were brought to Bullenhuser Damm from Neuengamme together with the children and their caretakers, while the rest came from the Spaldinstraße satellite camp. Their identities and reason they were murdered are unclear.
You can read more about the Soviet prisoners in the Open Archives.
In 1943 Jewish employees of the Philips company in the Netherlands, where Eduard’s father worked, were taken to the Vught concentration camp. Elisabeth Hornemann followed her husband with their sons Eduard and Alexander. On June 3, 1944 the family was transferred from Vught to Auschwitz. The brothers were taken to Neuengamme on November 28, 1944. Eduard was 12 and his brother Alexander 8 when they were murdered at Bullenhuser Damm. Their parents didn’t survive either.
You can read more about Eduard Hornemann in the Open Archives.
The name Birnbaum for one of the children of Bullenhuser Damm was found on a list published in 1945 by a Danish physician Dr. Henry Meyer, a former prisoner. Her full name “Lelka Birnbaum.” is also noted on a cover sheet of an x-ray. The only things known about her is that she came from Poland and was 12 when she was murdered in Bullenhuser Damm on April 20, 1945.
You can read more about the children from Bullenhuser Damm in the Open Archives.
Sergio de Simone
Sergio’s father Edoardo de Simone was deported to Dortmund for forced labor. His Jewish wife Gizella and their son Sergio moved from Naples to Fiume in 1943, where they were arrested together with seven other family members on March 21, 1944. On April 4, 1944 the family was deported to Auschwitz. Sergio had to work there as an errand boy until he was taken to the Neuengamme concentration camp for medical experiments. Sergio de Simone was 7 when he was murdered in Bullenhuser Damm.
You can read more about Sergio de Simone in the Open Archives
The Bullenhuser Damm Memorial and Rose Garden for the Children of Bullenhuser Damm
was built in 1980 by the Children of Bullenhuser Damm Association to commemorate the victims of this crime. In 2011, a new permanent exhibition was opened (in German and English). It provides visitors with information about the site as a school and as a satellite camp of Neuengamme. It also tells about the medical experiments, the victims, how they were murdered, the perpetrators and how these crimes were dealt with after 1945. Roses can be planted in memory of the murdered children and prisoners in the rose garden behind the school playground. A bronze sculpture by Anatoli Mossitschuk was also erected in 1985 to commemorate the Soviet prisoners.